Welcome, visitor! [ Register | LoginRSS Feed

Directory Listing & Advertisement Inquiry :
| Call : +91 - 9504889991, 9162231021, 9880027443
| Email : contact@angdesh.com
Post an Ad
Comments Off on Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ (March 4, 1921 – April 11, 1977)

Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ (March 4, 1921 – April 11, 1977)

| Ang Biography, Phanishwar Nath Renu | February 18, 2015

Fanishwar Nath Renu
 

Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ (March 4, 1921 – April 11, 1977) was one of the most successful and influential writers of modern Hindi literature in the post-Premchand era. He is the author of Maila Anchal, which after Premchand’s Godaan, is regarded as the most significant Hindi novel.

Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ is most known for promoting the voice of the contemporary rural India through the genre of ‘Aanchalik Upanyas’ (Regional Story), and is placed amongst the pioneering Hindi writers who brought regional voices into the mainstream Hindi literature.

His short story Maare Gaye Gulfam was adapted into a film Teesri Kasam (The Third Vow),  by Basu Bhattacharya (produced by the poet-lyricist Shailendra) in 1966 for which he also wrote the dialogues. Later his short story Panchlight (Patromax) was made into a TV short film.

Biography

Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ was born on 4 March 1921, at village Aurahi Hingna near Forbesganj, in Araria district (then Purnea district),Bihar.

His primary education was held in Araria and Forbesganj. He did his Matriculation from Viratnagar Adarsh Vidyalaya(school), Viratnagar, Nepal while staying with Koirala Family. After Passing out IA from Kashi Hindu Vishvavidyalay (university) in 1942 he took part in the Indian Freedom Struggle. Later he participated in the Nepali revolutionary movement in 1950 which resulted in the establishment of democracy in Nepal. He ushered in ‘Anchalik-katha’ (Regional Story) of Hindi writing. He had a very close friendship with Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayana Agyey – his contemporary poet.

Writing style

The intimacy in writing brought to the reader with use of local flavor of Hindi in contrast to Khari Boli Hindi was entirely new literary experience.

His very first novel which is also considered his masterpiece, Maila Anchal (The Soiled Linen, 1954), was a social novel that depicted the life of rural Bihar and its people, especially the backward and the deprived. He was subsequently awarded one of India’s highest civilian honours, the Padma Sri in 1970.

Later during Jayaprakash Narayan Andolan, he gave up his award in solidarity. His short story Panchlight (Petromax) is beautiful in its depiction of human behavior. One can find many parallels between his and Premchand’s writings.

Curiously, Katihar railway station figures in many of his writings.

He wrote descriptive prose with rapid character building. He would then go about reflecting on his characters and backgrounds from every angle. Ek Aadim Ratri Ki Mehak which is straight forward story with touchy ending, is one example his unending need for exploring pristine emotions of his characters.

Renuji and Bhukhi Peedhi

Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’ was one of those rare authors who had equal command over both Hindi and Bengali languages. He was the first Indian writer to hail the Bhukhi Peedhi movement (Hungry Generation) in Bengali literature as a watershed; His book Vantulsi Ka Gandh has a chapter on Samir Roychoudhury and Malay Roychoudhury, the founding fathers of the Hungryalist movement titled Rampathak Key Diry Sey, wherein he has dealt with how the Hungryalists influenced not only the contemporary writers but also the visiting US poet Allen Ginsberg.

Literary works

Novels

Maila Aanchal

Maila Aanchal

Maila Anchal
Parti Parikatha
Juloos
Deerghtapa
Kitne Chaurahe
Paltu Babu Road

Stories

Maare Gaye Gulfam (Teesri Kasam)
Lal Pan Ki Begum
Panchlight
Thes
Samvadiya
Tabe Ekla Chalo Re
Lakshmi

Story collections (Katha-Sangrah)

Thumri
Agnikhor
Acche Aadmi
Ek Adim Ratri Ki Mehak
Ek Shravani duphari

Memoirs

Rindjal Dhanjal
Van Tulsi ki gandh
Shrut Ashrut Purva

Reportage

HrinJal- DhanJal
Nepali Kranti Katha
Van tulsi ki gandh
Shruth Asruth purve
Pahli kranti katha

 

Source of this article : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phanishwar_Nath_’Renu’

Sponsored Links

  • River Ganges in Monghyr

    Munger (Monghyr)

    by on February 19, 2015 - 0 Comments

    Monghyr – The Details Munger or Monghyr [both: mung´gir] is situated on the bank of Ganges River. It is a district administrative center and a grain market....

  • Vikramshila Ruins

    Bhagalpur – the Silk city

    by on February 19, 2015 - 0 Comments

    Bhagalpur, a town of historical importance in the state of Bihar in the eastern part of India is situated on the southern bank of the Ganga river. Situated 220 ...

  • A Still From Khagaria Wali Bhauji

    Khagaria Vali Bhouji (खगड़िया वाली भौजी) - Angika Movie

    by on March 2, 2015 - 0 Comments

    It is not the State or Central government body or any Millionaire or Billionaire but a youngster in his thirties belonging to lower income class family of Bihar...

  • Deoghar Temple

    Deoghar

    by on February 19, 2015 - 0 Comments

    Deoghar Town Deoghar (Devagriha), or the abode of the Gods, is the headquarters of the Sub- division of the same name in the district of Santhal Parganas...

  • Mandar Hills near Bhagalpur

    Mandar Hills

    by on February 19, 2015 - 0 Comments

    Mandar Parvat (Mandar hill) is a small mountain situated in Banka district under Bhagalpur division of state of Bihar. It is about 700 ft high and approximately...

अंग टटका-टटकी

  • ट्रेनों के मुकाबले छोटे हैं भागलपुर के प...

    by on January 12, 2016 - Comments Off on ट्रेनों के मुकाबले छोटे हैं भागलपुर के प्लेटफॉर्म

    भागलपुर : मालदा रेल डिविजन का सबसे ज्यादा कमाई करने वाला भागलपुर स्टेशन है और इसे ए-1 श्रेणी का दर्जा भी मिला हुआ है. फिर भी कई मामलों में इसे उपेक्षित करके रखा...

  • 20 से अधिक जन शिकायत के मामले होने पर प्...

    by on January 12, 2016 - Comments Off on 20 से अधिक जन शिकायत के मामले होने पर प्रभारी पदाधिकारी का वेतन रुकेगा

    भागलपुर : अपर समाहर्ता(विभागीय जांच) डॉ श्यामल किशोर पाठक ने कहा कि गुरुवार को कैंप करके जन शिकायत के मामले निबटाये जायें. उसके बाद 20 मामला से अधिक वाले विभाग ...

  • सीओ दखल देहानी पर ध्यान दें

    by on January 12, 2016 - Comments Off on सीओ दखल देहानी पर ध्यान दें

    भागलपुर : राजस्व व भूमि सुधार विभाग के प्रधान सचिव व्यास जी व भूमि रिकार्ड व सर्वे निदेशक मिथिलेश मिश्रा के 15 जनवरी को प्रस्तावित बैठक के लिए सोमवार को राजस्व ...

  • जेनरिक की जगह लिखते हैं ब्रांडेड दवा

    by on January 12, 2016 - Comments Off on जेनरिक की जगह लिखते हैं ब्रांडेड दवा

    भागलपुर : जवाहरल लाल नेहरू मेडिकल कॉलेज अस्पताल में इमरजेंसी सेवा के अलावा रोजाना आउटडोर में इलाज के लिए औसतन 1500 से 1800 मरीज पहुंचते हैं. सोमवार को प्रभात खब...

  • पैर नहीं, लेकिन बोटिंग में पहुंचे राष्ट्...

    by on January 12, 2016 - Comments Off on पैर नहीं, लेकिन बोटिंग में पहुंचे राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर

    भागलपुर : सकारात्मक सोच, हौसला व जनून के बल पर नि:शक्तता को मात देते हुए ये दोनों आगे बढ़ते गये. लिहाजा राष्ट्रीय स्तर पर पदक जीत भागलपुर व बिहार का नाम रोशन क...