It is situated on the eastern fringe of Bihar, on the western bank of river Ganga, Raja Maan Singh, the famous 16th century Rajput general in Akbar’s army, founded this city.
Rajmahal Hill named after the town of Rajmahal and situated at the head of the Ganges Delta near the border of Bihar and West Bengal of India in a north-south elongated narrow belt. They occupy the area between latitude 24Â°30′ N and 25Â°15′ N and roughly along the longitude 87Â°30′ E. The average height of the range is about 1,000m. The volcanic activity during the Jurassic Period was confined to the area at the head of the Ganges delta in the Rajmahal Hills that forms the type area for the Rajmahal Group.
Rajmahal Basin Jurassic trap rocks interbedded with the beds of sedimentary rocks of the Rajmahal Hills area are known as the deposit of the Rajmahal Basin and the sequence mentioned as the Rajmahal Group (Series) from the hill ranges (24Â°30′ N: 87Â°30′ E) that takes it’s name from the town of Rajmahal. The rocks of the Rajmahal Basin have been encountered in the foreland shelf of north-western Bangladesh and referred to as the Rajmahal Formation. [Mujibur Rahman Khan]
Rajmahal a historic town, is situated on the west bank of the Ganges and located in the hills known as daman-i-khoh during the Muslim rule. The hill runs north south for 193 km from Sahibganj of Santal Pargana to Rampurhat Railway Station of Dumka. The earlier name of the place was Agmahl. mansingh, on his return from the conquest of Orissa in 1592, named it Rajmahal and on 7 November 1595 laid the foundations of a new capital of Bengal subah there and named it Akbarnagar, after akbar, the emperor.
It appears to have been chosen as the site of the capital on account of its central position with reference to Bengal and Bihar and for its commanding both the rivers Ganges and the Pass of teliagarhi. Mansingh built there a palace, a fort and also a Jama-i-Masjid (known as Hadafe Mosque). Soon, being a healthier site than Gaur, a choice city sprang up there. The city, however, lost its strategic value soon. The river Ganges having receded nearly a kros, the city was no longer accessible to war-boats and could not be defended on land and water. In 1608-09 Islam Khan transferred the capital to Jahangirnagar (Dhaka) in order to suppress the bara-bhuiyans and resist more effectively the growing power of the portuguese and the Maghs. But Rajmahal regained its administrative position in 1639 when shah shuja (1639-1660) fixed his capital there. The prince built there the famous palace called Sang-i-dalan (Stone Palace) for his own residence with an attached diwan khana (audience hall).
On 20 January 1640, a fire caused immense destruction to the palace complex and claimed seventy-five lives of Shuja’s harem. Shuja crowned himself in November 1657 in this city. It appears that it had extensive construction works done. At a considerable distance from the Sang-i-dalan is a ruin called the Phulbari (flower garden). Near this is the tomb of Bakht-Homa, widow of shaista khan. In the second half of the eighteenth century the city was 2.41 kilometre in length and 0.80 kilometre in breadth with numerous mosques and monuments.
The city’s decline began when mir jumla (1660-1663) transferred the capital again to Dhaka to cheek the Arakanese and the Portuguese pirates. The ruins of the old city are now covered with luxuriant jungle extended for about four miles to the west of the present sub-divisional town. [Md Akhtaruzzaman]
The Sangi Dalan
Built on river bank, is a part of the place of shah shuja, son of Shah Jehan. was built in 1556 to enable emperor Akbar to pray.
It was built by Raja maan Singh in a combination of the Imperial and Bengal styles. There are number of other monuments in town.
HOW TO GET THERE
Latitude 24’°30′ N
Longitude 87’°30′ E
Temperature (deg C)
Summer – Max 36.9, Min 23
Winter – Max 27.7, Min 7.4
October to February
Wheat, Rice, Maize, Gram,Potato, Sugarcane,
Khandsari & Gur,Handloom, Papad, Soap, Pickles.
Angika, Hindi, English
Tourist Information Centre Government of Bihar
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